SG1 CH15
People Places, and Change
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Northern Europe
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Could You Survive graphicCould You Survive In Iceland?
Volcanoes shoot lava and ash into the air, geysers shoot hot water into the air, and floods crash downstream when ice caps melt. Where can you live admist all the fire and ice?

Section 1: Physical Geography
Introducing Norway
Learn all about the history, geography, and culture of Norway by exploring the links offered here by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Web site by: ODIN
Click on the links at the left-hand side of the page to learn about the long nights of Finland.
Web site by: Lonely Planet
Gateway to Scotland
A source for information on Scotland's geography, history, people, traditions, and culture. The maps section has detailed maps, some clickable, of Scotland from the Ordnance Survey. The Gazetteer has 2,000 text entries on people and places and more than 1,000 photographs.
Web site by: University of Edinburgh
What Are Glaciers?
An introduction to glaciers. The site discusses and illustrates the physical effects of glaciers, explains glacial ages, and reports that many scientists believe glaciers will return in the future. It also describes how a whale came to be fossilized in Vermont.
Web site by: University of Vermont
Information about how geysers work. This site discusses three types of plumbing systems and reservoirs. It discusses a possible link between earthquakes and changes in geyser activity. It also talks about geothermal energy.
Web site by: Western Kentucky University
Acid Rain in Europe
Learn about the painful effects of pollution throughout Europe.
Web site by Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Environment
Pollution in Europe
Learn more about the issues of industrial air pollution and water pollution in Europe today—the causes, the effects, and what lies ahead.
Web site by The Global Change Game
Section 2: The United Kingdom
Royal Burial at Sutton Hoo
A visit to the site and a look at some of the treasures. The introduction and the text that accompanies the photos explains the importance of the Sutton Hoo burial mounds. Explore the links to take a virtual tour, complete an interactive quiz, and more.
Web site by The National Trust
The Bayeux Tapestry
Information about the Bayeux tapestry. More than 70 meters long and about half a meter wide, it is not technically a tapestry but an embroidery.
Web site by: Reading Borough Council
Mysteries of Stonehenge
This site explores common beliefs about Stonehenge. It outlines four periods of construction, provides a picture gallery and maps, and introduces Archaeoastronomy, a field combining archaeology, anthropology, mythology, and astronomy.
Web site by Sweet Briar College
Castle Builder
A history unit on life in a Medieval Castle. This site provides background information about the feudal system, churches and cathedrals, crusades, knights and armor, women's roles, food and feasts, and more. The site includes a glossary of castle terms.
Web site by: Schools of California Online Resources for Education
William Shakespeare on the Internet
Wide-ranging coverage of all things Shakespeare. The site provides his works, his life and times, theater, study guides, criticism, sources, and an annotated listing of recommended Web sites. Use the site map to find a virtual tour of the Globe.
Web site by Palomar College
Folk Music of England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and The United States
A collection of tunes, lyrics and historical information. Search by song title; song type, for example, songs of the sea; or country. Each entry provides lyrics, tune, history, and downloadable MIDI files.
Web site by: Contemplator's Folk Music and Carolan Resource Center
Tartans of Scotland
All about the tartan. Search an index of clan names to see 2,500 versions of tartans and find out how tartans were made. Read an introduction to highland dress and learn why the English outlawed it.
Web site by: Scotland On Line
Section 3: The Republic of Ireland
The Book of Kells
This online version includes historical information, a selection of full-color images, and links to other sites.
Web site by University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee
The Great Irish Famine
Information about the famine that killed one million Irish peasants. Some two million more left their homeland for other English-speaking countries.
Web site by the New Jersey Irish Famine Curriculum Committee
Section 4: Scandinavia
Viking Ship Home Page
A site with pictures of Viking ships as decorative motifs on jewelry and information on ship excavations, Viking ports, and settlements in Europe and America. It also links to Web sources on myths, legends, and sagas.
Web site by: University of Pittsburgh
Building a Stave Churce
Highlights from the construction of a replica of a stave church built in A.D. 1130 in Vik, Norway. The site tells the history of wooden churches in Norway and includes a chronicle of construction of the replica church.
Web site by Heritage Hjemkomst Interpretive Center
The Runic Journey
An introduction to an alphabetic script used by the peoples of Northern Europe from the first century A.D. until well into the Middle Ages. The site discusses the history of different rune systems and their use in divination and magic.
Web site by: Tara Hill Designs
Hardanger Fiddle Association of America: Audio Samples
Coverage of the instrument that is often called the national instrument of Norway. The Hardanger fiddle is distinguished by four or five sympathetic strings that run underneath the fingerboard that add echoing overtones. This site offers a sample of traditional and modern Norwegian folk music.
Web site by: Hardanger Fiddle Association of America
Case Study: Mapping the Spread of Cholera
John Snow and the Broad Street Pump
Read about the Dr. John Snow and how he worked to solve the mystery of cholera epidemic that raced through Europe in the 1800s.
Web site by UCLA Department of Epidemiology
Cholera Information
Most city dwellers don't think about cholera today thanks to city planners and improved sanitation. However, this would not be the case 100 years ago. Learn more about this disease at this CDC Web site.
Web site by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Remote Sensing of Cholera Outbreaks
A report that examines the use of satellite imaging for tracking the organism associated with plankton plumes emanating from major rivers. The cholera organism attaches to zooplankton and some species of phytoplankton.
Web site by National Academy of Sciences
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