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Asia | World

Country (long form) Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Capital Hanoi
Total Area 127,243.83 sq mi
329,560.00 sq km
(slightly larger than New Mexico)
Population 79,939,014 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 119,003,660
Languages Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacy 93.7% total, 96.5% male, 91.2% female (1995 est.)
Religions Buddhist, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic, some Protestant), indigenous beliefs, Muslim
Life Expectancy 67.12 male, 72.19 female (2001 est.)
Government Type Communist state
Currency 1 new dong (D) = 100 xu
GDP (per capita) $1,950 (2000 est.)
Industry food processing, garments, shoes, machine building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper
Agriculture paddy rice, corn, potatoes, rubber, soybeans, coffee, tea, bananas, sugar; poultry, pigs; fish
Arable Land 17%
Natural Resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

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