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South America | World

Country (long form) Republic of Peru
Capital Lima
Total Area 496,226.22 sq mi
1,285,220.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Alaska)
Population 27,483,864 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 44,393,210
Languages Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara
Literacy 88.7% total, 94.5% male, 83% female (1995 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 90%
Life Expectancy 67.9 male, 72.81 female (2001 est.)
Government Type constitutional republic
Currency 1 nuevo sol (S/.) = 100 centimos
GDP (per capita) $4,550 (2000 est.)
Industry mining of metals, petroleum, fishing, textiles, clothing, food processing, cement, auto assembly, steel, shipbuilding, metal fabrication
Agriculture coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potatoes, plantains, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, wool; fish
Arable Land 3%
Natural Resources copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower

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