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Asia | World

Country (long form) none
Capital Ulaanbaatar
Total Area 604,249.88 sq mi
1,565,000.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Alaska)
Population 2,654,999 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 4,181,249
Languages Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian (1999)
Literacy 97% total, 98% male, 97.5% female (2000)
Religions Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism 96%, Muslim (primarily in the southwest), Shamanism, and Christian 4% (1998)
Life Expectancy 62.14 male, 66.5 female (2001 est.)
Government Type parliamentary
Currency 1 tughrik (Tug) = 100 mongos
GDP (per capita) $1,780 (2000 est.)
Industry construction materials, mining (particularly coal and copper); food and beverages, processing of animal products
Agriculture wheat, barley, potatoes, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses
Arable Land 5.7%
Natural Resources oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

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