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Asia | World

Country (long form) People's Republic of China
Capital Beijing
Total Area 3,705,406.97 sq mi
9,596,960.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than the US)
Population 1,273,111,290 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 1,470,468,924
Languages Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages
Literacy 81.5% total, 89.9% male, 72.7% female (1995 est.)
Religions Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslim 2%-3%, Christian 1% (est.)
note: officially atheist
Life Expectancy 69.81 male, 73.59 female (2001 est.)
Government Type Communist state
Currency 1 yuan = 10 jiao
GDP (per capita) $3,600 (2000 est.)
Industry iron and steel, coal, machine building, armaments, textiles and apparel, petroleum, cement, chemical fertilizers, footwear, toys, food processing, automobiles, consumer electronics, telecommunications
Agriculture rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish
Arable Land 10%
Natural Resources coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

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