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Country (long form) Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital Brasilia
Total Area 3,286,488.06 sq mi
8,511,965.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than the US)
Population 174,468,575 (July 2001 est.)
note: Brazil took an intercensal count in August 1996 which reported a population of 157,079,573; that figure was about 5% lower than projections by the US Census Bureau, which is close to the implied underenumeration of 4.6% for the 1991 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 206,751,477
Languages Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Literacy 83.3% total, 83.3% male, 83.2% female (1995 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
Life Expectancy 58.96 male, 67.73 female (2001 est.)
Government Type federative republic
Currency 1 real (R$) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita) $6,500 (2000 est.)
Industry textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
Agriculture coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
Arable Land 5%
Natural Resources bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber


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