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Oceania | World

Country (long form) Commonwealth of Australia
Capital Canberra
Total Area 2,967,909.38 sq mi
7,686,850.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than the US)
Population 19,357,594 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 24,175,783
Languages English, native languages
Literacy 100.0% total, 100.0% male, 100.0% female
Religions Anglican 26.1%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 24.3%, non-Christian 11%
Life Expectancy 77.02 male, 82.87 female (2001 est.)
Government Type democratic, federal-state system recognizing the British monarch as sovereign
Currency 1 Australian dollar ($A) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $23,200 (2000 est.)
Industry mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel
Agriculture wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry
Arable Land 6%
Natural Resources bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum


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